Planetary Orbits

Astronomy - Advanced

Planetary Orbits

All stars and planets have orbits.

For centuries it was believed that Earth is fixed and the sun, moon and planets revolve around it. However 1400 years ago the Quran said that not only the sun and moon but also Earth moves in a designated path:

Quran 39:5
[Allah] Created the heavens and the Earth in truth. He overlaps the night over the day and overlaps the day over the night, and enslaved the sun and the moon, ALL MOVE (كل يجري) to a prerecorded destiny. Is He not the Exalted, the Forgiver?

٥ خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ يُكَوِّرُ اللَّيْلَ عَلَى النَّهَارِ وَيُكَوِّرُ النَّهَارَ عَلَى اللَّيْلِ ۖ وَسَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ ۖ كُلٌّ يَجْرِي لِأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى ۗ أَلَا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفَّارُ

Here the Quran is referring to ALL MOVING: not only the sun and moon but also Earth. In Arabic grammar there is difference between the singular (one), binary (two) and plural (three or more). The reference to binary is "Kulahuma Yajreean كلاهما يجريان" however the Quran said "Kullon yajree كل يجري" referring to the plural (three or more). Since the sun and moon are just two but the Quran is referring to three or more then according to the Quran all the three move sun, moon and Earth.

Quran 86:11
And the sky that returns.

١١ وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الرَّجْعِ

"Al-rajeh الرَّجْعِ" means returns to the same location. Today we know that all planets return to the same locations in their respective orbits.


How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that planets return to their original locations?


Mistranslations: Quran 18.86 sun setting in a spring.

(The Christian Bible says that Earth is a 2 dimensional flat disk and the heaven is like a canopy solid like bronze: Isaiah 40:22)  

The Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) contains scientific knowledge that could not have been known 1400 years ago. It ranges from basic arithmetics to the most advanced topics in astrophysics. You are invited to go through those miracles and judge for yourself.

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