How Do Rocks Break Down?WATER IS A VERY UINQUE SUBSTANCE IN THAT IT EXPANDS WHEN IT FREEZES. Almost all other liquids contract when frozen, but when water freezes it becomes 10% bigger, or takes up 10% more space. As water expands it puts great pressure on the walls of anything containing it, including any rocks which happen to be surrounding it. When water falls into the cracks of rocks and freezes, the force of the pressure exerted on the rock surrounding it is enough to wedge the walls of the crack farther apart, thus expanding and deepening the crack.WETTING AND DRYING BREAKS UP ROCKS THAT CONTAIN CLAY PARTICLES.When clay gets wet it expands just like ice does. When rocks made of clay get wet the clay expands putting pressure on the rock, causing it to crack and break.
Water can crack and break rocks. However this was portrayed in the Quran 1400 years before it was discovered.
٧٤ ثُمَّ قَسَتْ قُلُوبُكُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ ذَٰلِكَ فَهِيَ كَالْحِجَارَةِ أَوْ أَشَدُّ قَسْوَةً ۚ وَإِنَّ مِنَ الْحِجَارَةِ لَمَا يَتَفَجَّرُ مِنْهُ الْأَنْهَارُ ۚ وَإِنَّ مِنْهَا لَمَا يَشَّقَّقُ فَيَخْرُجُ مِنْهُ الْمَاءُ ۚ وَإِنَّ مِنْهَا لَمَا يَهْبِطُ مِنْ خَشْيَةِ اللَّهِ ۗ وَمَا اللَّهُ بِغَافِلٍ عَمَّا تَعْمَلُونَ
"And others that crack and water comes out from them" today we know that this is correct.
How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known that water can crack rocks?
The Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) contains scientific knowledge that could not have been known 1400 years ago. It ranges from basic arithmetics to the most advanced topics in astrophysics. You are invited to go through those miracles and judge for yourself.